If you have a properly formatted file (i.e. it's text or a Postscript file that has been formatted for Letter (8.5"x11") size paper) but the output has been shifted right and/or down, it's likely that the printer is mistaken about the size of the paper in the print hopper.
The print hoppers has a slider that signals the printer on the type of paper loaded within (such as Letter, Legal, etc). It does this by moving fingers or knobs located on the side of the hopper that press against contacts within the printer. Sometimes either the fingers or the contacts are stuck and the printer is misinformed about the size of the paper. When a Letter size printout is being printed, the printer tries it best to print on the wrong size paper, thus the off-centered output.
The fix is two unstick the fingers or contacts so that the printer has the correct paper sizing information. If you don't know how to do this, contact the IT staff.
Two-up printing is where 2 pages are printed on one side of a paper by shrinking them, putting them side-by-side on a landscape format paper.
This is the usual default for printing text files. To disable this, you'll need to convert it to Postscript, as Postscript files are printed without reformatting:
textps file.txt | lpr -Pprintername
If you have a Postscript file, you can reformat them into a 2-up format (or even 4-up format if your eyesight can stand the strain) by filtering them through the psnup tool:
psnup -2 file.ps | lpr -Pprintername psnup -4 file.ps | lpr -Pprintername
You can combine the above two solutions to print text in a 4-up format:
textps file.txt | psnup -4 file.ps | lpr -Pprintername
For Windows users, some printer drivers will allow you to set 1-up, 2-up, 4-up and booklet format.
If a printer is out of paper (the hoppers are empty and there no packages of new paper to be found near the printer), then a fresh package or box of paper can be fetched from the mail room. Before you take some paper, please notify the Font Desk Receptionist so that the inventory can be kept up to date. If possible, please take an entire box so that this tiresome exercise need not be repeated often.
If the printer reports in the LCD window that it is low on toner, then what to do depends on how fresh this message is. The toner sensor is very conservative and will report "Low Toner" even though there is plenty of life left. To ascertain whether the toner is really running out, print a test page. If the printout is getting very light or has bald patches, then open the printer, shake the toner cartridge, reinsert the cartridge and print a few test pages again. If it comes out spotty again, then it's time to change ther printer cartridge.
Contact the IT staff to replace the cartridge.
lprm -Pprinter JobID
lprm - [remove all your submitted jobs.]
lprm -Plj4 316
lpr -Pprinter(s) filename
lpr -Poptra example.ps [to print double sided.]
lpr -Poptras example.ps [to print single sided.]
Just drag right-button of the mouse.
You can use command a2ps. For example, if you have a text file called input.txt and you want to print the file 4 pages per sheet, then you can use the following command to generate an output file called output.ps, then use lpr command to print the output.ps
a2ps -o output.ps -4 input.txt
lpr -Pprintername output.ps
- a2ps convert FILE(s) or standard input to PostScript. Input files can be of different type, e.g. .txt, .ps, or .html.
- you can directly print out the input file to printer by the following command:
a2ps -P -4 input.ps
However we recommend to convert the input file to output.ps first, then use ghostview to check if the format is correct or not. Finally use lpr command to print output.ps.
- For further information, please use command man a2ps to read the manual of the command a2ps.
A4 format is commonly used in the rest of the world, so it's not surprising to receive DVI or Postscript files from there. If you try to print in on our printers which are set up for Letter size (8.5"x11"), you may end up with less than satisfactory results.
If you have the TeX/LaTeX source, you can change the source to use the new format and run TeX/LaTeX again.
You can also resize the Postscript output (if you have a DVI file, convert it to Postscript first), by issuing the command
psresize -PA4 -pletter in.ps out.ps
and print the resulting file out.ps.
If this is for publication that requires it to be on A4 paper, you can buy A4 paper from the UBC Bookstore. Ask the IT staff on how to set up the printer to print on A4 paper.
Convert dvi file to ps file then use lpr command to print the converted ps file:
dvips -o outputfilename.ps inputfilename.dvi
lpr -Pprintername outputfilename.dvi
Or pipe it through directly:
dvips filename.dvi | lpr -Pprintername
As of Dec. 1, 2005, if you do not set the printer your printouts should go to, it will be thrown away. The method to set your printer is different for Windows and Unix (Linux or Solaris).
Setting a printer for an individual print job
Most Windows applications will allow you to choose the printer from a menu when you try to print something. Choose the appropriate printer.
Setting a printer for a session
To set a default printer for a login session (i.e. this setting will be forgotten once you log out), you can go to the printer settings control panel:
Start -> Settings -> Printers
then bring up the printer menu by placing the mouse over the printer's icon you want to print to and right-click, then select
Select As Default Printer
A check mark should appear over the printer icon of your choice.
Setting a permanent default printer for a workstation
To set a permanent default printer (for the workstation you are using: you'll have to repeat it for another workstation), go to
Start Menu -> Run ...
Then, type the following into the text input window:
Then double-click the appropriate printer batch file. From then on, that will be your default printer for this particular workstation.
Setting a printer for an individual print job
Some application (like firefox) will allow you to choose the printer. Most printing is done from the command line via lpr. You can tell lpr where to send the output to via the -P switch:
lpr -Pname file ...
Setting a printer for a login session
To set a default printer for a login session (i.e. this setting will be forgotten once you log out), you can set the environment variable PRINTER. In tcsh (the default shell), you can enter
setenv PRINTER name
- Setting a permanent default printer for your MathNet Unix account
To permanently set a default printer for your Unix sessions, you can enter the above command to set your PRINTER environment variable in your startup script, found in your home directory: